Different Types of Child Abuse

Most Common Types

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The most common types of child maltreatment are neglect, physical, emotional, and sexual abuse.

Neglect

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Failure of the child's caretaker to provide adequate care for the child.

Examples of this form of child maltreatment include:

  • a lack of supplying adequate food, shelter, season-appropriate clothing, supervision, medical or mental health care, or a lack of providing appropriate emotional comfort.
  • supervision neglect is the most common form of child neglect.

Physical Abuse

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This involves a caretaker inflicting physical injury on a child through assault. This includes:

  • Corporal punishment that results in physical injuries, like bruises, scratches, welts, or broken bones.

Emotional Abuse

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This involves statements by a caretaker that can injure a child's sense of self-esteem.

Examples of emotional abuse include:

  • calling the child negative names
  • cursing at the child, or
  • otherwise insulting the child

Sexual Abuse

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This involves exposing the child to inappropriate sexual content, behavior, or contact. This can include:

  • allowing the child to see pornography or sexual acts, or
  • a caretaker having sexual contact with the child